With the fresh summer season coming, you can start thinking about preserving for the autumn. One of the most beloved canning projects out there is creating jam or jelly. While the benefit of using fresh fruits over frozen is obvious, it can be hard to actually know whether you're making jam or jelly. So what's the difference between jam, jelly and preserves? It's helpful to instead start with how they're the same.
All three share the same few ingredients: fruit, sugar, pectin -- a natural carbohydrate with gelling properties -- and acid, which interacts with the pectin to create the products' thick finish.
The differences arise, then, in the type of fruit (or how it's used), the way it's prepared, and the proportions of those four main ingredients.
Been munching on toast with butter and this fab Cran-Strawberry Jam since 4am 😵 thank goodness for my freezer full of canned jam from last fall ❤️ for this super easy and insanely delicious jam recipe to go my profile or to 👉🏼 http://sweetpoppyseed.com/holiday-cranberry-strawberry-jam/ #homemadejam #riseandshine #toastandjam
A fruit that's been crushed, chopped or otherwise deconstructed then cooked with sugar, pectin and acid until it's softened and spreadable but still has chunks of fruit in it is what defines jam.
There is also a regulatory definition, in case you were thinking of making your hobby into a business.
According to the Food and Drug Administration, to be sold as jam, the ratio must be 47 parts fruit to 55 parts sugar for berries, tomatoes, oranges or pineapples, or 45 parts fruit to 55 parts sugar for currants, guava or stone fruits. To be labeled and sold as "jam," a product must have not less than 65 percent soluble solids.
It's the stuff most likely found in your kids' lunchbox, slathered on bread with plenty of peanut butter. It's made with fruit juice -- no solids -- then boiled with sugar and pectin, resulting in a firm, spreadable, transparent colored gel.
Jelly has its own set of FDA regulations: to be sold as jelly, a product must contain at least 55 percent fruit juice.
Preserves are the whole or large-cut pieces of fruit stored in a liquid. This can be their own juices, water, syrup or, yes, jam or jelly.
The liquid in preserves is usually translucent and lightly gelled, and the fruit will maintain its shape.
That's not all, though. There are also Conserves (jams made with a mixture of different fruits and sometimes nuts),
Marmalade (jelly with pieces of fruit rind, usually citrus),
yesterday I made some #marmalade - it is #orange 🍊with #ginger and it tastes amazing. the most challenging task was to fillet the oranges 😇🍊it took quite some time... like 1 hour or so. but it is worth it. i used #orangefillet #orangejuice #ginger #cointreau #sugar #pectin - thats all. 😻#whatveganseat #vegangirl #veganlifestyle #veganfoodshare #gingermarmalade #orangemarmalade #marmelade #orangenmarmelade #igersburgenland #igersaustria
Fruit Butter (un-jellied and made with sugar and a longer cooking time),
Compote (chunky fresh or dried fruit cooked in sugar syrup, sometimes with liquor and spices)
It’s National Fruit Compote Day so we made an Apple Compote 🍏 🍋 This easy recipe took about 20 minutes and was delicious. We are going to use this for an Oscar’s party app that we’ll post on Sunday! Recipe Below . . . Ingredients- 1 tbsp salted butter 2 golden delicious apples (corked, peeled cubes in 1/2 inch cubes) 1/4 cup brown sugar Juice from half a lemon 1/4 tsp nutmeg Directions- 1. In a small sauce pan over medium heat, melt the butter. 2. Add cubed Apple and lemon juice and cook down until the liquid is evaporated, stirring frequently. About 5-7 minutes. 3. Stir in brown sugar and nutmeg. Continue to cook until the liquid absorbs again, about 12-15 minutes. Let cool completely. #365daysofdays #nationalfruitcompoteday #fruitcompote #applecompote #compote #apple #goldendelicious #daily #dailyfoodfeed #365photochallenge #365dayschallenge
and Coulis (compote made with smooth, pureed fruit).
Afternoon tea at Kilworth House today. This is apparently a strawberry coulis. Is this a thing? I want jam with my scone, not coulis. Dripped everywhere too. What madness is this?! (Husband tried coulis first and cream second, slightly less loss of coulis but still messy). Thoughts? #coulis #jam #scone #afternoontea #whatswrongwithjam
Start planning your canning now!