Rearing a child is no easy task, and navigating through resources of research studies can be daunting. There are Dos and Don'ts around every corner, and feeding your infant is full of Don'ts. This list of 14 foods you should never give babies is a general overview with a brief explanation - we are in no way a reputable medical journal and caution should be taken before administering any kinds of new food to your precious babe, especially before they are a year old.
It's easy when your little one is still breastfeeding or on formula, but when you start feeding them other baby foods, what's safe and what isn't? Always check with your pediatrician, especially if your baby has a reaction to any specific food, but this list of foods you should never give babies is a good place to start.
Honey is known to sometimes contain the spores of Clostridium botulinum, a bacteria that can cause botulism.
While adults' intestinal tracts easily prevent the growth of spores, they can grow quickly, threatening your baby's life.
2. Cow's Milk and Soy Milk
Don't replace breast milk with cow's milk until a child's first birthday, at least.
It's much more difficult for a baby's stomach to digest the proteins, and cow's milk can contain minerals that damage a baby's kidneys. Same goes for soy milk.
3. Fruit Juice
Skip the fruit juice for at least the first six months. It's full of sugar and doesn't offer any nutrition you can't find in whole fruit. Plus, little tummies can be sensitive to highly acidic beverages like orange juice.
If you are reaching for juice, go with something better for soft stomachs -- pear, apple or grape -- and dilute it with some water.
4. Refined Grains
Refined, or "white," grains are stripped of much of their natural nutrients during the refining process. Babies are better off with 100-percent whole grain bread, pasta, cereals, rice, and crackers.
5. Sugar and Candy
Sugary sweets and candies present a three-fold problem for babies; they're loaded with sugar, which can alter the developing taste foundations in your little one -- not to mention keep them up all night more than they already are.
Many candies -- M&M's, Skittles and other hard candies, also present a choking hazard.
6. Unpasteurized Foods
Honey, milk, certain juices and ciders, and other dairy products are often available unpasteurized; in fact, raw milk has become quite popular recently. These products may still contain the dangerous bacteria normally removed during the pasteurization process and can cause very serious illnesses in babies and young children.
7. Smoked and Cured Meats
New studies have shown smoked, cured or barbecued meats contain high levels of nitrates, which have been linked to an increased cancer risk.
Things like bacon, hot dogs and salami are also high in sodium and full of animal fats -- neither of which are great for your baby.
8. Allergenic Foods
Foods are known to commonly produce allergic reactions -- things like eggs, peanuts, wheat, certain citrus fruits, shellfish, strawberries, and tomatoes -- used to be off-limits for the first year of a baby's diet.
However, today's pediatricians recommend starting to introduce these foods between 4 and 11 months to -- get this -- prevent food allergies from developing. Even so, introduce allergenic foods slowly, one at a time, and keep careful watch for a reaction of any kind.
While fish contains some things that can be great for your baby, they also present the risk of high levels of mercury. Tuna, mackerel, swordfish, shark, and tilefish have all been shown to contain too much mercury; safer options include haddock, hake, trout, shrimp, scallops, wild salmon, tilapia and whitefish.
As mentioned above, though, keep a close eye when introducing allergen-containing fish and seafood items.
10. Peanut Butter
Thick and sticky, peanut (and other nut) butter can present a choking hazard in babies.
Beyond that, it's best to keep the baby away from solid foods that are commonly allergenic (see above) for at least the first few months.
11. Berries and Citrus Fruits
While some fruits are great for babies, there are others that go on the list of foods you should never give babies. Strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, and blueberries can be tough on an infant's digestive system, and citrus fruits like oranges, grapefruits and pineapples are too acidic.
These foods can cause rashes, in addition to an upset stomach. And when you do introduce berries, make sure they're diced into very small pieces.
It's full of sugar and caffeine; you definitely don't want to give this to your little one if you hope to sleep through the night.
Chocolate is also bad for the baby's developing teeth. If you do allow a piece of chocolate here and there, make sure it's followed with a tooth-brushing.
13. Egg Whites
Since egg allergies can cause dangerous symptoms in young children, many pediatricians do not recommend serving egg whites until the baby is older than one year; yolks generally tend to be safer.
Your pediatrician will recommend a good time to introduce egg whites. Of course, always make sure eggs are completely cooked before serving.
14. Certain Vegetables
Certain vegetables are on the list of foods you should never give babies. Spinach, beets, collard greens, and lettuce are known to contain levels of nitrates too high for your baby's stomach to properly process. Their stomach acid isn't strong enough to break these nitrates down, which hinders blood's transfer of oxygen throughout the body.
When you do want to serve your little one veggies, cooked sweet potatoes, peas and squash are soft, low-nitrate and full of vitamins.
This article was originally published on November 6, 2018.