Pesky weeds and wild plants may not be everyone’s favorite thing. They’re almost impossible to get rid of and they easily take over the yard. When planting a garden, a great deal of time and money goes into making plants grow, and the weeds, well those have to go. But wait, hold on! Did you know that many of those wild weeds are also edible? Edible weeds are particularly abundant in North America, so start looking.
With spring time in full swing, the foraging season has begun. If you’re a newbie to foraging, don’t worry, you don’t have to go far. There’s probably a handful of edible weeds popping up in your own backyard right now. Although you probably won’t find these edible weeds in the grocery store, that doesn’t mean they should get tossed!
Embrace the wild and eat your garden weeds. While some foraged weeds can be an acquired taste, you may be surprised at how tasty the wild plants in your backyard really are. They also have a surprising amount of nutritional and health benefits, and the best part is they’re totally free!
While backyard weeds will vary due to region, these are seven of the most common weeds you’ll find flourishing in your yard this spring.
I cannot even explain how happy I was each time I ripped out the FULL root from each dandelion, smiling so much and it felt so rewarding each time they came out fast and easy. One of my favorite recipes in my cookbook is this completely detoxifying and cleansing dandelion soup that can be served hot or chilled and includes garlic, radishes, fennel, coconut oil, a big bouquet of fresh foraged dandelion greens and a few other ingredients. I've made it as a chopped warm stew and a chilled puréed dish and both are so good and just really beautiful to top with goat cheese, crushed walnuts or dandelion flowers. I've been transplanting dandelions that have been bursting up from my flower and plant areas and placing them in a row in the garden area. There are so many incredible uses and benefits like calcium, fiber, and vitamin a amongst others! Hope you plant a small corner in your garden this year! #DandelionGarden #Dandelions #?
Dandelions may ruin a lawn, but they certainly don’t ruin your stomach. Possibly the most recognized weed in the yard, dandelions are an abundant weed simply waiting to be foraged. They’re also abundant in nutrition. They’re a good source of vitamin C, vitamin K, and even potassium and calcium. Rather than spending your time using harmful weed killers, embrace the dandelions and eat them up. From flower heads to the root, every part of the dandelion is edible!
When foraging dandelion greens, the bigger the leaves, the more bitter the flavor. If you prefer dandelions milder, pick young leaves and cook them in a soup. Cooking the leaves will help mellow out the flavor. If you prefer the bitter taste, then choose the bigger leaves and toss them in a salad. Oh, and if you’re a fan of fried squash blossoms, why not dip the flower heads in some batter and fry those suckers up!
How many times have you spotted clover and thought if you looked hard enough you would find one with four leaves? Clover is a common weed we encounter almost every day. While you may be searching for the lucky clover, those three leafed ones are more than luck, they’re edible.
Small amounts of raw clover leaves can add a kick to a salad or be used in a dish like you would fresh herbs. The blooms of white and red clover can also be eaten. Raw, cooked, or made into a tea, clover is a versatile ingredient.
3. Wood Sorrel
What you think may be a clover may actually be wood sorrel. It has a similar three leaf structure, but wood sorrel leaves are more heart-shaped as opposed to rounded. When foraging wood sorrel, take note of the leaf structure. If you accidentally wind up with clover, however, don’t worry because both are edible.
Wood sorrel is a common weed throughout North America. It’s high in vitamin C and has a pleasant lemony flavor. If you’ve had sheep sorrel before, it’s flavor profile can be compared to that.
You can munch on the leaves raw or add them to a salad to add a hint of lemon. They also pair well with seafood and wild game. When preparing wood sorrel, pick off the flowers, leaves, and seed pods. All of these can be eaten, but tough stems should be discarded.
If you find purslane growing in the sidewalk cracks, don’t toss it in the yard waste pile! Purslane is high in Omega-3 fatty acids. Fatty acids are important for a healthy heart and nervous system, so tossing out purslane would be like tossing out a bottle of fish oil supplements. In Chinese medicine, purslane was used to heal inflammation and treat gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea. So in a pinch, you might be happy you kept it around.
Purslane is slightly sour with a lemony taste. When munching on it, know that it is a succulent so the leaves are crisp. Cook it, eat it raw, or pickle it if you like. While it tends to grow abundantly in the cracks of the sidewalk, urban sidewalks are not the cleanest place. When foraging purslane, stick to your backyard instead.
5. Lamb’s Quarters
In a pristine landscape, you my find lamb’s quarters to be invasive. Also known as goosefoot and pigweed, it can crowd other plants in the garden. While you may not be fond of the looks, lamb’s quarters is totally edible. In fact, it’s not only edible, but it’s healthy!
Lamb’s quarters is a good source of several vitamins and minerals. One serving has more than the recommended dose of vitamin A and K, and has significant amounts of magnesium and calcium. In comparison to other greens, lamb’s quarters is a cross between spinach and swiss chard – so it makes for an excellent salad green. Try it in a spring salad or sauté it with some onions for a wild treat.
Not to be confused with the delicious cooking banana, plantains are a highly common, healthy weed that’s probably flourishing in your backyard. Native to Europe, plantain was brought to North America by European settlers. Since then, this invasive species is practically everywhere.
Commonly known as a broadleaf plantain, plantains have been used medicinally to cure colds and flu. It contains anti-bacterial properties that reduce inflammation and soothe a sore throat. It’s nutritional benefits are similar to that of the dandelion, so health wise their a good weed to have on hand.
The flavor is slightly nutty and can be compared to that of asparagus. You can pan-fry the broadleaf shoots in a bit of olive oil – just as you would asparagus – and enjoy them all by their lonesome. It’s recommended, however, to eat the smaller leaves. The bigger, older leaves tend to be more fibrous and bitter in taste.
7. Stinging Nettles
Brr. Three nights of mid 20 temps ahead, but picked enough stinging nettle for a nice warm soup just before sunset. Fingers crossed our plums and peaches don't lose too much fruit – and for all the local peach farmers who are probably sweating bullets right now. #stingingnettles #stingingnettle #permaculture #organicgarden
The first time I ate nettles, I was skeptical. The name doesn’t necessarily imply good eats. What’s rather surprising is their green taste. Once cooked, they become soft and highly edible. They taste similar to spinach and other greens cooked down from root vegetables.
Stinging nettles are a rather common weed. In fact, you’ve probably passed by these green guys and may have identified them as just ‘another common pesky weed.’ While they do have their name for a reason, you’ll be fine picking them with a pair of gloves. Loaded with tons of minerals as well as protein, stinging nettles are a backyard delight you shouldn’t pluck and toss.
While caution should always be taken when foraging, it’s a fun activity to engage in. Get to know your plants and have a tasty weed filled spring!